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Rate of Return Calculator

Calculate rate of return

The rate of return (ROR), sometimes called return on investment (ROI), is the ratio of the yearly income from an investment to the original investment. The initial amount received (or payment), the amount of subsequent receipts (or payments), and any final receipt (or payment), all play a factor in determining the return. Use this rate of return calculator to calculate these returns.

Information and Assumptions


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Variables In Calculating Holding Period Return

Holding period return measures the value of an investment over its entire lifespan. The beginning investment value is the amount you initially paid for the investment when you purchased it. In other words, it is its initial market value.

Holding period return also takes into account any cash you periodically receive (such as dividends) from the investment over its holding period. This is called current income for period.

Along with current income, HPR looks at the capital gains or capital losses of your investment. A capital gain or loss is the difference between the amount you pay for an investment and the amount you sell it for. If you sell an asset for more than its original purchase price, you make a capital gain. If you sell it for less than its original purchase price, you take a capital loss.

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Benefits of Long-Term Investing

One of the main concerns for any type of investing is market volatility. Volatility measures the degree to which prices change over time. Another way to think of volatility is in terms of price swings. The greater and more frequently an investment's price swings, the higher its volatility. Investments with high volatility have a high degree of risk because their prices are unstable.

It is important to note that short-term volatility is not necessarily indicative of a long-term trend. A security can be highly volatile on a daily basis but show long-term patterns of growth or stability. Some investments may maintain purchasing power over time, but can fluctuate wildly in the short term.

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What Is A Holding Period Return?

How do you know the real value of your investments? The value of almost every investment changes over time. The amount of this change depends to a large degree on how long you hold onto your investment. An investment's holding period return is the total return from holding an investment for a specific time (its holding period). This is different from an annualized return, which measures the return adjusted for a one-year period, which may be more or less than the actual holding period.

Holding period return (HPR) captures both the change in your investment's value over time and any periodic benefits you receive from it. It is expressed as a percentage, rather than an absolute dollar amount. Because it takes into account both current income and capital gains, it can be used to find the true returns of different types of investments.

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  • Number of periods to considerThe number of days/months/years you want the analysis to consider.
  • Initial receipt/payment(-)The amount of the initial income received or payment made. Enter a positive value for cash inflow and negative value for cash outflow.
  • Regular receipts/payments(-), if applicableThe amount of the regular income received or regular payments made, if any.
  • Final receipt/payment(-), if applicableThe amount of the final income received or payment made, if any.
Money Help Center

This information may help you analyze your financial needs. It is based on information and assumptions provided by you regarding your goals, expectations and financial situation. The calculations do not infer that the company assumes any fiduciary duties. The calculations provided should not be construed as financial, legal or tax advice. In addition, such information should not be relied upon as the only source of information. This information is supplied from sources we believe to be reliable but we cannot guarantee its accuracy. Hypothetical illustrations may provide historical or current performance information. Past performance does not guarantee nor indicate future results.